Natural conditions of NAPANT
The Low Tatras, the geo-morphological unit, belong to two different zones of the Central West Carpathian Mountains from geological construction point of view. The west Ďumbier section belongs to the Zone of Core Mountains; the east Krážova Hoža section belongs to the zone Vepor. The border between two geo-tectonic units lines the direction of so called Čertovica line along which the zone Vepor was put onto the zone of core mountains in the time of Craterous formation.
In the territory of the National Park Low Tatras, because of a big multitude difference between the lowest and the highest point /nearby Banská Bystrica 360 m above the sea level, on the top of Ďumbier 2043 m above the sea level/ we can recognise up to five climate-geographic types. Mountain levels of approximately 1500 m above the sea level have very cold mountain climate with the average temperatures in January -7° to - 8°C /on a main ridge about -9°C/, the average temperature in July reaches from 7° to 11,5°C. Lower situated forest parts have cold even freezing January temperatures from -5 to -7°C and July temperatures 11.5°C to 16°C.
The territory of the Low Tatras belongs to significant sources of water in Slovakia. All streams, flows and little rivers flow into two main rivers. South slopes are drained by the river Hron, north slopes by the river Váh and its source Čierny Váh. Only a small part of east slopes of Krážova Hoža is drained by the river Hnilec.
People have been interested in the plants of the Low Tatras for a long time. At first they were motivated by existence needs issuing from food search, later they turned to purposeful search of particular species usable in leech craft. We suppose getting to know plants was connected to people´s work in mountain meadows and pastures, during their journey to work in woods and numerous mines. Written documents on plants in the Low Tatras have been preserved since the 19th century. Mostly they were reports of college teachers on surrounding flora /for example Banská Bystrica/ or notes from journeys of the first botanists in former Upper Hungary when they were crossing the territory of Zvolen and Liptov county. At the end of the 19th century and beginning of the 20th century botanists undertook journeys to particularly known places like Ďumbier, Krážova Hoža, the Demänová Valley, surroundings of spa Korytnica. After some time as a number of botanists grew up, data on the Low Tatras plans were and are still being completed.